Sergio Carreda, who is an experienced and innovative HR professional, talks about different kinds of leadership. He categorizes them into 6 kinds. Theoretical Models of Leadership, Competency-Based Models, Value-Based Leadership Models, Effectiveness-based Models, Leadership as Purpose and Applicative Models. In this article, I will discuss 2 kinds of Theoretical Models of Leadership.
Sergio describes charismatic leaders as having a big emotional effect on their followers. This is separate from their position in the organisation. Over time, many researchers have addressed Charismatic Leadership, as an important building block in transformational leadership or visionary leadership models.
He goes on to say that they have the following characteristics;
- arouse followers’ motives,
- are excellent role models,
- project a positive self-image and
- empower their followers.
Many people say that Charisma depends solely on innate personality traits. However, this is not true. By embodying certain intentions and actions, one can become a charismatic leader.
This was developed by Robert K. Greenleaf. Sergio takes on Greenleaf’s work and quotes that the servant-leader is servant first. It starts with the feeling that one wants to serve. Further, the conscious choice to serve brings a person to want to lead. That is to say that this type of leader ensures he fulfills the service of another. That is his highest priority. And a lot of care is taken to ensure that he serves those needs.
Servant Leadership changes the norm concerning authority and power. Rather, they are a support for their teams. There is a dispute amongst the word ‘servant’. Nonetheless, the foundation of this model stays the same.
Below are some themes. For example, empathy, awareness, healing, and conceptualization. All of these require a level of maturity and accountability of one’s self. Moreover, taking on this role means that you serve a purpose higher than yourself. You know that you give your all to your team, which leaves you feeling confident. If anything were to go wrong, you can take the necessary steps to fix things. Being a servant leader shows courage and bravery. Therefore, it would be one of the best roles to try to embody.
The outcome of following Leadership models
Sergio concludes that he feels it is useless to try to find a general definition of leadership. None of it will apply to every context and every organisation. He continues to say that there is an element of intentionality that is required. Which is a profound statement. One that Schuitema has been teaching for years. Lastly, he finishes by saying that if being a leader is a personal choice, none can stop you. Therefore, leadership can be spread in an organisation and is not linked to rank in a hierarchical structure.